The Art Movement that came after Expressionism, was Abstract Expressionism. Arshile Gorky was concerned in between the two and he was also known to be a Surrealist Painter too. Why I mentioned Arshile Gorky is because Mark Rothko studied under Gorky, Rothko was another Artist who was developing Abstract Paintings. Gorky, Rothko and a few others made the way to the next art movement in America and beyond. Abstract Expression hit in America around the 1940's-1950's--two artists come into view: Jackson Pollock and Franz Kline.